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Karen Alligan- Lead Clinical Nurse Specialist

Summary of role/service: I have been a nurse in the NHS for over 30 years, working in the orthopaedic setting as a ward manager, bed manager, arthroplasty practitioner and now a Lead Clinical nurse specialist in foot and ankle. 

My main roles are :- To be a point of contact for patients, seeing all patients pre operatively as a support and post operatively for review and advice.To review and develop patient educational material within the unit and run a multidisciplinary educational forum for patients awaiting ankle and hind foot fusions.To support all ward staff, medical staff and secretarial staff involved in the patients journey.Run independent nurse led clinics both in Out patients department and via the telephone.

Development and running of a telephone / e mail helpline for all foot and ankle patients.

Research studies Tarva and Cartiva. 

Recent audits on post op wound care, telephone clinics.

Teaching at Heath care assistant and revalidation training.

Continue review and leadership of Foot and ankle service.




Katherine Cowan– Senior Advisor James Lind Alliance

Katherine chairs the Steering Group. She is Senior Adviser to the JLA and has been a key contributor to the development of its methods and profile since 2008. Katherine co-wrote and edited the original JLA Guidebook. She has chaired over 40 PSPs and facilitated at almost 50 priority setting workshops internationally.  Katherine’s professional background is in social research and she has a particular interest in public participation and inclusion. She has a Masters in Coaching and Mentoring Practice and has worked as an independent facilitator for 12 years.

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Rebecca Kearney- Clinician

Dr Kearney is a clinical academic physiotherapist, senior NIHR Fellow award holder and Associate Director of Warwick Clinical Trials Unit. She leads the design and delivery of research programmes that evaluate the clinical and cost effectiveness of interventions in the area of trauma and orthopaedic rehabilitation.

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Lauren Thomson– Information Specialist

I am a current training registrar within the East Midlands South Deanery with an interest in foot and ankle surgery. A keen advocate for education I see the James Lind Alliance as an excellent conduit for understanding between both the professional and the patient.


Lewis Cade- Patient

In 2012 I broke my ankle when I twisted the ankle violently. The impact on my life was something I could never have foretold. Even now 7 years later I am still affected by the injury. I believe that through research we can help improve the outcomes for patients like me both immediately after injury but also living with the effects in the long term. 


Lyndon Mason- Clinician

I work as a consultant in foot and ankle, trauma and major trauma at Aintree University Hospital, and as the musculoskeletal system lead at the School of medicine, University of Liverpool. I have co-led on foot and ankle research for which we have received both national and international recognition. I was involved in the JLA priority setting for Major Trauma in 2017. 

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Mark B Davies- Clinician

Consultant Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle surgeon in Sheffield. Demonstrable commitment to research, audit and education. Honorary Secretary of BOFAS.

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Nick Gallogly- Clinician

Nick Gallogly is a consultant orthotist and orthotic clinical lead for the Royal Berkshire Foundation Trust Hospital. His background includes a BEng in Medical Mechanical Engineering, a BSc in Prosthetics and Orthotics and an MSc in Clinical Biomechanics. 

Nick works within busy foot and ankle clinics and is a member of many MDT clinics including diabetic and both adult and paediatric neuromuscular clinics. He works with elite athletes which include premiership ruby and premier league football and GB rowing.


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Patricia Allen- Clinician

Patricia Allen is a Consultant Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Surgeon at University Hospitals of Leicester and the Immediate President of British Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society. She trained in Birmingham and Bristol and undertook Fellowship training in Dublin before being appointed Consultant in Bristol in 2000. She moved to Leicester in 2003 to set up the Foot and Ankle unit there. 


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Amanda Roberts- Patient

Amanda is an experienced lay member of health related committees.  She is passionate about patient and public involvement. She has been on a couple of JLA PSP steering groups before (eczema and retention).  She has had foot surgery and two years ago she broke her ankle.


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Jo Millard– PSP co-ordinator

Jo Millard is Secretariat for the British Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society. Her role is wide ranging and sees her working alongside the Education Committee, organising and running 5 UK training courses and 2 International training courses each year; with Scientific Committee, as PSP co-ordinator on the BOFAS Foot &Ankle Surgery PSP; and Outcome Committee, as Data Protection Officer.  Jo also works closely with the BOFAS Treasurer on the society accounts in addition to organising the main Annual Scientific Meeting each year with the Society President.

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Noelene Davey- Clinician

BSc (Physiotherapy), University of Sydney (graduated 1995)

HCPC registered and CSP Chartered Physiotherapist


Noelene and has gained a wide variety of experience in musculoskeletal physiotherapy both in Australia and the UK. She is currently an Advanced Physiotherapy Practitioner at Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, working alongside consultant orthopaedic surgeons and leads the physiotherapy department in delivering the best evidence based management of lower limb conditions. 


She is regularly invited to lecture at national and international conferences and is research active within her NHS role and is a Founding Trustee and Chair of educational charity Association of Foot & Ankle Physios & AHPs.


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Melinda Hau- Information Specialist

Miss Melinda Hau is a Trauma and Orthopaedics Trainee Registrar in East Midlands South. She graduated from University of Leicester in 2011 and did all her training in East Midlands. She has an interest in Foot and Ankle and Orthoplastic Surgery.


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Steve Ingram– Patient Carer

I am the main carer for my disabled wife. She had a Stroke in 2010 and was left with right sided paralysis and aphasia. I took early retirement in 2016 to look after her.

I served in the RAF for six years, taught in secondary schools for sixteen years and was the Teaching Support Officer at Imperial College London for fourteen years.


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Steve Lines- Clinician

I have been a Specialist Surgical Podiatrist in Avon Orthopaedic Centre within the F&A team since 2002. I perform forefoot and midfoot primary and revision surgery. I teach all levels of orthopaedic trainees the basic and advanced principles of F&A surgery. I provide advice and professional development to primary care.


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Dr Veena PatelClinician


I work as a Consultant Rheumatologist at Leicester with a special interest in Osteoporosis and Metabolic Bone diseases. I have experience in managing wide range of patients with primary/secondary osteoporosis, osteomalacia, Paget’s disease, osteogenesis-imperfecta, hypophosphatasia etc. I have the experience of managing fracture liaison service and contributed in developing many related guidelines and pathways. 

My other interest is in medical education and have completed MEd from University of Birmingham. I am a Fellow of Higher Education Academy and contribute to UG/PG teaching locally as well at Royal College/Arthritis UK. I have experience in conducting qualitative research and have published in peer reviewed journals.


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Jitendra Mangwani– PSP Lead 

Jitendra Mangwani is a Consultant Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Surgeon at University Hospitals of Leicester.  He graduated in India and completed his higher surgical training in trauma and orthopaedics in London with a specialist fellowship in foot and ankle surgery.  He has a keen research interest.  He is committed to medical education and is regularly invited as a faculty to courses and conferences.  He runs both national and international foot and ankle surgery courses. He is a member of the Scientific Committee and in this role is co-opted on the Outcomes Committee

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Brigitte Scammell– Clinician

Brigitte Scammell is a Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon in adult foot and ankle surgery at The City Hospital, Nottingham and Professor of Orthopaedic Sciences at the University of Nottingham. She heads the Academic Orthopaedic Unit and is the Admissions Sub-Dean for the Faculty of Medicine. Her clinical interests are in adult orthopaedics, especially of the foot and ankle, with a particular emphasis on the reconstruction of severe deformity and treatment of infection in patients with diabetic foot disorders.


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Kate Machin- Patient

Best CBD Oil UK: The 9 top CBD brands in the UK (2020)

CBD products are making a lot of noise in the market, and it makes complete sense judging by the slew of health benefits that they bring. We’ve gathered the best CBD oils currently available in the UK market to help you narrow down your search.

What is CBD?

CBD or Cannabidiol is a chemical compound extracted from the cannabis plant. We know what you’re thinking. How is this any different from marijuana? The answer is in their THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) content. Weed contains a lot of THC, which is a psychoactive compound that gives the user mind-altering effects. CBD, on the other hand, cannot get you “high.” CBD is widely used for its pain relieving properties. It can be used to minimize the symptoms of conditions like epilepsy, anxiety, diabetes, cancers, among others. 

Whether you have crippling anxiety or you have been dealing with chronic pain for a long time, CBD oil can offer you some relief. With plenty of scientific research emerging to back up anecdotal claims, the UK CBD market shows no signs of slowing down. CBD is 100% legal in the UK as long as its sold as a food supplement and contains less than 0.2% THC content.

If you’re ready to jump on this very promising train, take a look at the best CBD oils in the UK that we’ve tried and recommend. 

The UK's 9 Best CBD Brands (2020 Updated)

1. Blessed CBD

If you don’t want to muck around, the first CBD oil you should try should be the UK’s number one CBD oil brand. Blessed CBD is a family-run operation in the UK. It’s their goal to provide their customers with the very best CBD products, and it’s safe to say that they have been succeeding in the United Kingdom.

Their hemp extracts come in a 10ml bottle and in full-spectrum form, meaning they’re rich in all cannabinoids (CBD, CBDA, CBG, etc) and terpenes. Unlike broad-spectrum oils, full-spectrum CBD oils are extremely effective in relieving pain and inflammation (due to the entourage effect). It’s also worth noting that the hemp plants used in their products are 100% vegan and organically grown. 

cbd oil

What we love about Blessed CBD is their commitment to educating the UK public about CBD. They cater specifically to the UK market, as their products are not available elsewhere else. All their products come with an informational booklet to get you started and customer reviews are majorly positive.

They were also voted the #1 CBD oil UK by leading publications, such as Mirror, Observer, HerbMighty, Manchester Evening News, Liverpool Echo, Birmingham Mail, LA Weekly, Readers Digest, Glasgow Live, Improb and Luxury Lifestyle Mag.

Plus, each batch of oil they produce comes with its own certificate and third party lab reports, so you know exactly what you’re putting into your body and the amount of CBD in each product. 

If you're looking to truly experience the benefits of CBD, give Blessed CBD a try.

For more information, visit

2. Bud & Tender CBD

Bud & Tender is a British company that’s relatively fresh in the market. However, they’re getting quite the praise because they produce some decent CBD oils. 

A premium CBD oil (with a premium price), it’s a bit more palatable than your average CBD tincture. It has a distinct floral note, which makes it easier to swallow. Using a CO2 extraction process/technique, all their oils are guaranteed to be of the purest quality. 

They only use non-GMO, organic hemp so you’ll know that what you’re getting is an all-natural remedy. If you want to find out more about their products, they’re very transparent about what’s in them. Comprehensive lab results are regularly published on their website. 

3. Jacob Hooy CBD

If you like to frequent Holland & Barrett on the high street, you might have come across this hemp CBD oil from Jacob Hooy. Because it’s so affordable, it’s a viable choice if you’re taking the first steps of your CBD journey. It’s not the most potent oil in the CBD industry, so it's important to have realistic expectations.

It’s also not the most palatable, but you can always wash it down with a generous drink of water. Overall, it’s a reliable starter CBD oil for those who don’t need higher potencies just yet. 

4. Hempura CBD

Hempura is an up-and-coming brand that offers a wide range of quality CBD oil products. Aside from oils, they have edibles, e-juices (for vaping devices/vape pens), and capsules. Even though it’s not full-spectrum, the oil contains a decent amount of cannabinoids. It’s by no means ineffective. 

They also use the CO2 extraction method, which is considered the most efficient and safest technique of getting CBD out of hemp plants. We also love Hempura’s packaging, which is important to some folks. 

Hempura is also part of the Cannabis Trades Association, which shows their commitment to creating high-quality products for their customers.

5. Endoca Raw CBD

Endoca Raw is the CBD oil of choice of those who want make more environmentally sound choices. Endoca Raw’s operations all happen in Northern Europe. It’s worth noting that they use supercritical CO2 extraction, which is the best way to isolate cannabinoids and flavonoids.

The growing process of the hemp crops used in their products all pass strict regulations. They’re non-GMO, vegan, gluten-free, pesticide-free, herbicide-free, and 100% natural. 

Their range of products include CBD tinctures, CBD capsules, gummies, CBD vapes, CBD e-liquid and skincare options.

6. Medterra CBD

Medterra dominates the worldwide CBD oil products market (especially in the USA) and they have only just made their products available for UK residents. Their oils comes in 500mg to 3000mg potencies, so you have a decent range to choose from depending on the symptoms that are ailing you. 

Best CBD Oil UK: The 9 top CBD brands in the UK (2020) Best CBD Oil UK: The 9 top CBD brands in the UK (2020)

Best CBD Oil UK: The 9 top CBD brands in the UK (2020)

One thing that we love about the Medterra's CBD range is its tastelessness. It doesn’t smell like anything either, making it extremely easy to consume. Plus, the dropper cap of this product has marked measurements, so you can measure out your dose every time you take it. 

7. Holistic Herb CBD

If you’re a stickler for quality and always want to go for the premium, look no further than Holistic Herb. They offer strong straightforward potencies of CBD, at 4.2% or 8.2%. If you think you’re going to need higher doses to treat your ailments, then by all means go for this oil. Just so you know, it’s very hard to overdose on CBD oil anyway. You would have to consume gallons of it for it to become detrimental. 

Every batch of their CBD oil sprays are so pure and contain no amount of THC whatsoever. You’re guaranteed to get only the holistic goodness of the crop and not its psychoactive side effects. Since it’s a premium product, it’s the most expensive one on this list, but it’s never really a bad idea to splurge on quality. 

8. NeoHemp

Hemp oil is not exactly the same as CBD oil, but it’s a good place to start if you’re on the fence about using pure CBD. Hemp oil is considered a superfood because of its high amount of fatty acids and bioactive compounds. Unlike CBD oil, Hemp oil is extracted particularly from the crop’s seeds and nowhere else. 

With a 4000mg potency, you can take this oil as is or mix it in with your creams and serums. It’s more affordable than the other picks on this list, but it is also slightly less potent. 

9. Health Hemp Holland

This is another hemp oil. As mentioned above, hemp oils are not to be confused with CBD oils. It’s extracted from the seeds of the hemp plant, while CBD oil is extracted from the leaves, flowers, and steams. 

Hemp oils are mainly used to treat skin problems like acne and visible signs of aging. A lot of folks combine them with their sunscreens and moisturizers to get evenly toned clear skin. Hemp has anti-inflammatory properties which help reduce the appearance of spots. 

This is also a great starter oil for those who only looking to get their feet wet in the wonderful pool of CBD products. 

CBD oil UK: final thoughts and takeaway

There you have it, our top picks for the best CBD oils to buy in the UK.

As a friendly reminder, its best to work your way up if you’re unsure about dosing. Start with a lower potencies and check if it relieves your symptoms. There is some trial and error involved in this. But when you find that sweet spot, you’ll soon realize that CBD oils may work wonders on your physical and mental health.

If you're looking for the best and most reliable CBD oils and CBD creams in the UK, look no further than Blessed CBD.

Click here for the BOFAS James Lind Alliance survey

The Foot journal
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