Categories: Abstracts, 2022, Podium

Functional outcomes of dorsal bridge plating for Lisfranc injuries with routine metalwork retention: a major trauma centre experience

E. Onochie, N. Bua, A. Patel, N. Heidari, A. Vris, F. Malagelada, L. Parker, L. Jeyaseelan

1Barts Bone and Joint Health, London, United Kingdom

Background: Anatomical reduction of unstable Lisfranc injuries is crucial. Evidence as to the best methods of surgical stabilization remains sparse, with small patient numbers a particular issue. Dorsal bridge plating offers rigid stability and joint preservation.
The primary aim of this study was to assess the medium-term functional outcomes for patients treated with this technique at our centre. Additionally, we review for risk factors that influence outcomes.

Methods: 85 patients who underwent open reduction and dorsal bridge plate fixation of unstable Lisfranc injuries between January 2014 and January 2019 were identified. Metalwork was not routinely removed.
 A retrospective review of case notes was conducted. The Manchester-Oxford Foot Questionnaire summary index (MOXFQ-Index) was the primary outcome measure, collected at final follow-up, with a minimum follow-up of 24 months. The American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) midfoot scale, complications, and all-cause re-operation rates were secondary outcome measures. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify risk factors associated with poorer outcomes.

Results: Mean follow-up 40.8 months (24 - 72). Mean MOXFQ-Index 27.0 (SD 7.1). Mean AOFAS score 72.6 (SD 11.6). 48/85 patients had injury patterns that included an intra-articular fracture and this was associated with poorer outcomes, with worse MOXFQ and AOFAS scores (both p<0.001).
18 patients (21%) required the removal of metalwork for either prominence or stiffness.  Female patients were more likely to require metalwork removal (OR 3.89, 95% CI 1.27 to 12.0, p=0.02). Eight patients (9%) required secondary arthrodesis.

Conclusions: This is the largest series of Lisfranc injuries treated with dorsal bridge plate fixation reported to date and the only to routinely retain metalwork. The technique is safe and effective. The presence of an intraarticular fracture is a poor prognostic indicator. Metalwork removal is more likely to be needed in female patients but routine removal may not be essential.


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