Categories: Abstracts, 2021, Poster

Midfoot Charcot neuroarthropathy precipitated by 1st or 5th ray amputation

A. Doorgakant, A. Fontalis, W. Zahra, C. Blundell

1Warrington and Halton Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Trauma and Orthopaedics, Warrington, United Kingdom
2Northern General Hospital, Sheffield Foot and Ankle Unit, Orthopaedic Department, Sheffield, United Kingdom

Background: We noted an association between 1st and 5th ray amputations and the development of midfoot Charcot Neuro-arthropathy (CN) in our clinics.

Methods: We looked at all diabetic adults with peripheral neuropathy undergoing an amputation of the first or fifth ray between January 2013 and January 2019. Patient demographics, stump length, progression to CN, imaging reports, the need for further operative management, length of stay and operating specialty were collected. Cases that developed CN after 1st or 5th ray amputation (“CN group”) were compared with a cohort composed of patients that did not (“non-CN group”).

Results: We identified 92 patients (98 surgical episodes) who had previous 1st or 5th ray amputations [77 males, 15 females, mean age 61.5 ± 13.5]. Midfoot CN developed in 16 cases (17.4%; nine following 1st ray and seven following 5th ray amputation). This represented 30.9% of all our new CN cases. CN was diagnosed within six months in six cases and up to three years in the remaining 12. Five of the 1st ray amputations had a stump length of ≤10 mm from the tarsometatarsal joint and a further one had resorbed down to it before the Charcot process. Three of the 5th ray amputations had a stump length of ≤25 mm. Receiver Operator Curve analysis showed no diagnostic value of stump length in predicting CN (area under curve 0.42 (95% CI 0.26 – 0.59)). Following a logistic regression analysis of age, gender and peripheral vascular disease, only age was found to significantly affect the risk of developing CN (Nagelkerke R2 = 0.122, p = 0.013).

Conclusion: This is the first report of midfoot CN developing after 1st or 5th ray amputations, suggesting a destabilisation of the foot after these procedures. Clinically this would trasnlate as a need for enhanced foot protection post-operatively.

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